Podlaskie Region

Podlaskie Voivodeship (also known as Podlasie Province, Polish: województwo podlaskie [vɔjɛˈvut​͡stfɔ pɔdˈlaskʲɛ] or simply Podlaskie) is a voivodeship (province) in north-eastern Poland. It was created on January 1, 1999, out of the former Białystok and Łomża Voivodeships and the eastern half of the former Suwałki Voivodeship, pursuant to the Polish local government reforms adopted in 1998. Its capital is Białystok.

Geography

Varied landscape, shaped in the north of the Baltic glaciation, the rest of the Middle Poland glaciation. The highest peaks are in the north (Rowelska Top - 298 m), where the landscape is dominated by hilly lake district. Lakeland: Zachodniosuwalskie, Wschodniosuwalskie, Ełckie) and sandrowy lake district (Augustow Plain) in the central and southern plains prevail peryglacjalne (plateaus: Kolneńska, Białystok, Wysokomazowiecka, Drohiczynska, Sokólskie Hills, Międzyrzecko łomżyński, Plain Bielsko), varied in wcinającymi not kotlinami and river valleys, lies on the west edge of the outwash plains Kurpiowska. Predominate on the surface of sand, gravel, clay, moraine, and in the valleys and basins of the rivers silt, sand and peat river.

Natural assets

The vast forests and forests (Bialowieza, Augustow, Knyszyń, Puszcza Kurpiowska), some of which are the only ones in Europe have retained their original character, you can meet a unique wealth of flora and fauna. The vegetation of the region is extremely rich and diverse, which contributes to the richness of the animal world. Visitors can also see moose, wolves, lynx and bison living in the Bialowieża Forest and Knyszyń Forest.

Podlaskie has the lowest population density of the sixteen Polish voivodeships, and its largely unspoilt nature is one of its chief assets. Around 30% of the area of the voivodeship is under legal protection. The Polish part of the Białowieża Forest biosphere reserve (also a World Heritage Site) is in Podlaskie. There are four National Parks (Białowieża, Biebrza, Narew and Wigry), three Landscape Parks (Knyszyń Forest, Łomża and Suwałki), 88 nature reserves, and 15 protected landscape areas. The voivodeship constitutes a part of the ecologically clean area known as "the Green Lungs of Poland".

Culture

Podlaskie is the most diverse of all Polish voivodships. The area has been inhabited for centuries by members of different nations and religions: Belarusians, Lithuanians, Ukrainians, Russyns, Gypsies, Tatars, Jews and Filipons.

Many places of religious worship remain:

  •     An eighteenth-century former Carmelite monastery on Wigry Lake
  •     A former jesuit monastery complex in Drohiczyn
  •     Christ’s Transfiguration Orthodox church on the Holy Mount of Grabarka
  •     Saint Nicolaus the Miracle Worker Orthodox church in Białystok
  •     A seventeenth-century synagogue in Tykocin
  •     The oldest Polish mosque in Kruszyniany

Economy

The following are general economic indicators for Podlaskie:

  •     Population (as of 30 September 2009) - 1190735
  •     Average paid employment in enterprise sector (November 2009) - 95896
  •     Average monthly gross wages and salaries in enterprise sector (November 2009) - 2813,05 zł
  •     Unemployment rate (as of the end of November 2009) - 12,0%
  •     Dwellings completed (November 2009) - 661
  •     Procurement of milk (November 2009) - 126,8 mln l
  •     National economy entities in the REGON register, excluding persons tending private farms (as of the end of November 2009) - 89654

Agriculture

Arable land constitutes around 60% of the total area of the region – most of which is ploughland (around 40%), forests, meadows and pastures. Over 120 000 farms are registered, roughly half of which are small farms of 1–5 ha and medium-sized farms of 5–10 ha. The smaller farms prefer intensive production (gardening, orcharding), whereas the larger ones engage in cattle and crop production. The cattle-raising farms are mainly oriented towards milk production.

The natural conditions of the region are conducive to the development of organic growing, which at present is practised by around 100 farms. Over 600 farms in the region offer agritourist services.

More inforamation about Podlaskie Region on www.wrotapodlasia.pl.

 

Wersja językowa
Polish
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